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However, just how do you create a system that has a decentralized ledger How can you give someone the ability to upgrade the ledger without giving them a lot of powerin case they become corrupt or negligent in their work
Well, Bitcoins rulesalso known as the Bitcoin protocolsolves this in a very creative manner I like to call Who Wants to Be a Banker
In short, anyone who wants to take part in updating the ledger of Bitcoin transactions, known as the blockchain, can do so. All you need is to guess a random number that solves an equation generated by the computer system. Sounds simple, right
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Of course, this guessing is all done by your PC. The more powerful your computer is, the further supposes you can make in a second, increasing your chances of winning this match. If you manage to figure right, you earn bitcoins and get to write the next page of Bitcoin transactions on the blockchain. .
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1. Once your mining pc comes up with the ideal suspect, your mining program determines which of these current pending transactions will be grouped together into the next block of transactions. Compiling this block represents the moment of glory, as youve now become a temporary banker of Bitcoin who has to update the Bitcoin transaction ledger known as the blockchain. .
2. The block youve created, along with the solution, is sent to the whole network so other computers can affirm it. Its somewhat similar to some Rubiks cube: The solution is very tough to achieve but quite easy to validate.
3. Every computer which validates your solution updates its copy of this Bitcoin transaction ledger with the transactions you opted to include in the block.
4. The machine generates a fixed amount of bitcoins (currently 12.5) and benefits them as compensation for time and energy you spent solving the math issue.
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5. Additionally, you get paid any transaction fees that were attached to the transactions you inserted into the next block.
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6. All the transactions in the block youve only entered are now confirmed from the Bitcoin network and are virtually irreversible.
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Therefore thats Bitcoin mining in a nutshell. Its called mining because of the simple fact that this procedure helps mine new Bitcoins from the system. But if you think about it, the mining part is merely a by-product of the transaction confirmation process. Therefore that the name is a bit misleading, since the main objective of mining is to maintain the ledger in a decentralized manner. .
As you can imagine, since mining is based on a type of guessing, for each block, a different miner will suppose the number and be granted the right to upgrade the blockchain. Of course, that the miners with computing power will succeed more often, but on account of the law of statistical probability, its highly unlikely that the exact same miner will succeed every time. .
Now that you know what Bitcoin mining is, you may be thinking, Cool! Free money! Where do I sign up Well, not so fast
Satoshi Nakamoto, who invented Bitcoin, crafted the rules for mining in a way that the further mining power the network gets, the harder it is to guess the answer to the mining math issue. So the difficulty of the mining process is really self-adjusting to the gathered mining power the network possesses. .
If more miners join, it will get harder to solve the problem; if many of them fall off, it is going to get easier. This is known as mining issue.
Now, rememberthis is on average. We can have two cubes being inserted minute after minute and then wait an hour to the next block. In the long run, this may even out to ten minutes on average.
As you can imagine, this type of self-adjusting mechanism has created a type of arms race to acquire the most efficient and strong miners as soon as possible.
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When Bitcoin first started out, there werent a great deal of miners out there. In these details fact, Satoshi, the inventor of Bitcoin, and also his friend Hal Finney were a couple of the only people mining Bitcoin back at the time with their own personal computers.
Using your CPU (central processing unityour computers brain and an integrated component in any computer) was enough for mining Bitcoin back in 2009, since mining difficulty was low. As Bitcoin started to catch on, folks looked for more powerful mining solutions.