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But how do you create a system Which Has a decentralized ledger How do you give someone the ability to update the ledger without giving them a lot of powerin case they become corrupt or negligent in their work
Well, Bitcoins rulesalso known as the Bitcoin protocolsolves that in a very creative manner I love to phone Who Wants to Be a Banker
In a nutshell, anyone who wants to take part in updating the ledger of all Bitcoin transactions, known as the blockchain, can do so. All you need is to guess a random number that solves an equation generated by the computer system. Sounds easy, right
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Of course, this guessing is all done by your PC. The stronger your computer is, the further guesses you can create in one second, increasing your chances of winning this game. If you manage to guess right, you earn bitcoins and get to write the next page of Bitcoin transactions on the blockchain. .
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1. Once your mining pc comes up with the right suspect, your mining program determines which of these current pending transactions will be grouped together into the next block of transactions. Compiling this cube represents the moment of glory, as youve now develop into a temporary banker of Bitcoin who has to update the Bitcoin transaction ledger known as the blockchain. .
2. The block youve created, along with the solution, is sent to the entire network so other computers can affirm it. Its a bit similar to a Rubiks cube: The solution is quite hard to achieve but quite easy to validate.
3. Each computer that validates your solution upgrades its copy of this Bitcoin transaction ledger with the transactions you chose to include in the block.
4. The machine generates a fixed amount of bitcoins (currently 12.5) and benefits them to you as compensation for the time and energy you spent solving the math issue.
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5. Additionally, you get paid any transaction fees that were attached to the transactions you inserted into the next block.
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6. All the transactions in the block youve just entered are now confirmed by the Bitcoin network and are virtually irreversible.
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So thats Bitcoin mining in a nutshell. Its called mining due to the fact that this process helps mine new Bitcoins from the system. But if you think about it, the mining part is just a by-product of the transaction go to these guys confirmation procedure. So the name is somewhat misleading, since the main objective of mining is to maintain the ledger in a decentralized manner. .
As you can imagine, since mining is based on a type of guessing, for each block, a different miner will suppose the number and also be granted the right to upgrade the blockchain. Obviously, the miners with computing power will succeed more often, but on account of the regulation of statistical probability, its highly unlikely that the exact same miner will succeed each time. .
Now that you know what Bitcoin mining is, you may be thinking, Cool! Free money! Where do I sign up Well, not so fast
Satoshi Nakamoto, who invented Bitcoin, crafted the rules for mining in a manner that the more mining power the network has, the harder it is to guess the answer to the mining mathematics problem. So the difficulty of the mining process is really self-adjusting to the gathered mining power the network possesses. .
If more miners join, it is going to get more difficult to solve the problem; if many of them drop off, it is going to get easier. This is known as mining issue.
Now, remember, this is on average. We can have two blocks being added minute after minute and then wait an hour to the next block. In the long run, this will even out to ten minutes on average.
As you can imagine, this type of self-adjusting mechanism has made a sort of arms race to get the most efficient and powerful miners as soon as possible.
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When Bitcoin first started out, there werent a great deal of miners out there. In fact, Satoshi, the inventor of Bitcoin, and also his friend Hal Finney were a few the only individuals mining Bitcoin back in the time using their own personal computers.
Using your CPU (central processing unityour computers brain and an integrated component in any computer) was enough for mining Bitcoin back in 2009, since mining difficulty was reduced. Since Bitcoin started to catch on, folks looked for more powerful mining solutions.